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Second Wave: 1,354 new cases of Coronavirus recorded in Nigeria

Nigeria records 1,354 new cases of covid-19 on Tuesday, 5th January 2021

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The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control on Tuesday January 5, announced that 1,354 new cases of Coronavirus were recorded in Nigeria.

The health agency gave a breakdown of the new cases as follows; Lagos-712, FCT-145, Plateau-117, Kwara-81, Kaduna-54, Sokoto-39, Oyo-38, Rivers-37, Gombe-21, Enugu-20, Akwa Ibom-16, Bauchi-14, Delta-14, Ebonyi-13, Anambra-9, Taraba-8, Edo-8, Kano-3, Osun-2, Ekiti-2, Ogun-1.

There are now 92,705 confirmed cases of Coronavirus in the country and 1,319 deaths have been recorded. 76,396 patients who recovered from the disease have also been discharged.

 

Second wave

Since December 2020, Nigeria has continued to record significant increases in the number of new cases of the pandemic, which has pushed Nigeria into the second wave of the pandemic.

  • So far in January, the average monthly cases jumped by 59% from an average of 645 cases recorded in December 2020 to 1,025 average cases in January.
  • It also represents 553.7% increase compared to the average of 157 cases recorded in November 2020.
  • According to data from the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, a total of 21,135 tests were carried out on Tuesday, bringing the total tests to-date to 980,046. The number of recorded cases today represents a 6.4% rate of positivity tests.
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Coronavirus

Tokyo reports 4,058 COVID-19 cases, the highest since the start of the Olympics

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Newly reported COVID-19 cases in Olympic host city, Tokyo surged to a record high of 4,058 on Saturday, exceeding the 4,000-mark for the first time and overshadowing the Summer Games. The city has recorded a spike in cases since the Olympics games began.

For four days in a row during the week, Tokyo has been setting new record numbers for covid-19 cases although the Prime Minister has maintained that there are no links between these record-high number of cases and the Olympic games.

“Since we have imposed virus-curbing measures, such as cutting the flow of people (in public) and stricter border controls to prevent the spread of the virus by foreign visitors, I think there is none,” Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga said.

On Saturday, July 31, nationwide cases totalled 12,341, Japan’s highest and a figure up by15% on the day, signalling a rapid rise in infections across the country. This comes a day after Japan decided to extend states of emergency to three districts near Tokyo and the western district of Osaka to the end of August in light of the recent spike in infections.

Tokyo Olympics organisers said on Saturday that the accreditation of games-related individuals to leave the athletes’ village for activities not related to the games like sightseeing, has been revoked. The revocation means that a person cannot enter any Olympic facility without accreditation.

The government has repeatedly urged citizens to stay at home and watch the Olympic Games on TV. In addition, an appeal has been made to younger people to get vaccinated against the virus, as most Japanese aged above 65 have already been inoculated.

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Hundreds of Ugandans given fake COVID-19 jabs – health officials

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800 people in Uganda were reportedly given fake covid vaccines by fraudsters as employers looked elsewhere to vaccinate their staff.

This was disclosed in a report by Bloomberg earlier this week, after a statement from Warren Naamara of the Ugandan Ministry of Health.

The Director of State House Health Monitoring Unit stated that some companies paid fees to have their employees vaccinated from their work premises, but the medical officials turned out to be fraudsters administering largely water, citing that 2 have been arrested.

Uganda has received 1.14 million AstraZeneca Plc doses through the Covax facility so far and had administered over 1.1 million vaccines.

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Why we didn’t approve herbal medicine for COVID – 19 treatment- NAFDAC

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The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) has given reasons why it has yet to approve any herbal medicine for the treatment of COVID-19.

This is contained in a statement signed by the agency resident Media Consultant, Mr Olusayo Akintola, and issued to newsmen on Sunday, in Abuja.

The statement quoted Prof Moji Adeyeye, NAFDAC Director- General, as saying that “no single drug has been found yet to cure COVID -19”.

Adeyeye also warned Nigerians against excessive consumption of onions and garlic with a view to curing COVID-19, saying, ‘’If you eat too much your breath will be smelling and nobody will want to stay by you.”

She said that medicinal products available now could only help ease symptoms and up the odds of survival.

She warned Nigerian researchers and other herbal medicine practitioners to desist from parading unverified medicine for the virus.

She said that any product without NAFDAC approval for the cure of COVID-19 is null and void, adding that such an act was a violation of the national regulatory authorities and breach of protocols.

She admitted that onions or garlic or any of the natural fruits that we take have antioxidant and nutrients that can help us feel better, adding that people might have been using it and they get better.

“If it is not documented, it cannot be recognised by NAFDAC for COVID – 19. They work on our cells to keep people healthier, but not to cure COVID – 19. They help our body to function better. There is no cure for COVID -19 yet.

She added that they may boost the immunity and the person may not be easily susceptible to infection, adding that ‘’even with that, you still have to protect yourself.

“If you eat garlic and onion and you don’t use face mask you will get COVID -19. If you are in a bad environment; If you don’t wash your hands, you will get COVID -19.

“Everything has to be put together. University of Jos said that there was an herbal medicine, whether it is tea or whatever, that can cure COVID-19, they linked it with treatment of COVID -19, they did the packaging.

‘’We did a letter to warn them that they cannot claim something unless it has gone through our listing process. They were trying to sell it to their staff. That is violation of our own regulatory policies.

“Nobody should say that this one can cure this or that without going through NAFDAC listing process, the research into herbal medicine by the academia is normal.

‘’It is now for the academia to also recognise the national regulatory authority established to safeguard the safety of the Nigerian populace, by ensuring that the product that they are working on has to go through NAFDAC,” Adeyeye said.

According to her, there have been one or two cases where the University of Jos product was being encouraged to be used by people without going through NAFDAC.

She said that the university was supposed to go through the national regulatory authority and pave the way for NAFDAC to declare it safe for consumption.

The DG insisted that her agency must approve the clinical trial protocol, stressing that ‘’If they don’t do that and go ahead to market and sell their product, such act would be a violation of regulatory procedures.

According to her, some people might have been using it and they got better, but without being approved scientifically and documented, we may not be able to guarantee its safety for human consumption.

She recalled that NAFDAC set up an herbal medicine product committee in March 2019 before the pandemic broke out, to advance research in herbal medicine.

Adeyeye said that the goal for such idea was to make sure that the herbalist and the researcher were collaborating, so that whatever the herbalist knows from ancestral history that the research will back it up.

She explained further that collaboration with researcher would enable such herbal medicine to be advanced and to be listed by NAFDAC, if found safe for consumption.

According to her, during the pandemic there were lots of assertions that there were herbal medicines, that could be used to treat symptoms of COVID -19, pointing out that there was no single medicine that has been identified yet.

“But there are herbal medicines that could alleviate symptoms of COVID -19. However, NAFDAC has not granted registration of approval for any medicine for that.

“NAFDAC approves such medicines for listing, it means that it’s been tested and was deemed safe to use. NAFDAC cannot say herbal medicine can treat COVID -19, until clinical trial is done.

“Right now, there is no single herbal medicine that has gone through full clinical trial the way clinical trial is supposed to be done,” she said.

According to her, to do official clinical trial, you must write a protocol, you must pass it through the National Health Research Ethical Committee (NHREC), and you must pass it through NAFDAC.”

She said that the agency has not given any pass mark as regards COVID-19 herbal medicine, but that the agency has approved some herbal medicines that they claim can alleviate some of the symptoms of COVID -19.

She said that some of the approved herbal medicine which they claim can alleviate COVID-19 symptoms only work as immune boosters.

Adeyeye pointed out that such herbal medicine may prevent one from getting the disease, adding that, as far as NAFDAC was concerned, it has not approved any medicine to treat COVID -19.

“We have approved medicines that they said can alleviate symptoms and relieve people of some symptoms of COVID – 19, when the product is listed then clinical trial may start.

“It takes a lot of money to do clinical trial. University of Jos has been given approval to commence clinical trial of their products which is yet to commence.

The DG further disclosed that many herbal products have been submitted for federal government grants, because most of the herbal practitioners lack the required wherewithal to do clinical trial.

She said that many of these herbal products were being subjected to review by different agencies of government in the country.

“In terms of going through clinical trial and official protocols, none has come through yet.”

According to her, such herbal products can be used during the clinical trial to investigate whether it could be effective for COVID -19. (NAN)

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