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Nigeria’s crude oil export earnings rebounded by 116% in November – OPEC

OPEC said Nigeria’s crude oil export earnings, which had dropped by 77% between January and April 2020, rebounded by 116% in November.

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The Federal Government of Nigeria’s crude oil export earnings rebounded by 116% in November.

The Secretary-General of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting countries (OPEC), Mohammad Barkindo, disclosed this at the Virtual 19th Nigeria Oil and Gas Conference on Tuesday.

The conference themed: “Fortifying the Nigerian Oil and Gas for Economic Stability and Growth,” elected the Secretary General as its Honorary Chairman.

What they are saying

Commenting on the development, Barkindo said the Nigerian government should be commended for the proactive measures that facilitated the rebound of its crude oil export earnings, when compared to the April 2020 levels. He said:

  • “The government should be applauded for quick and proactive actions. The Nigerian Crude oil export earnings plunged by 77% within three months between January and April 2020, but since then, they have gradually improved and rebounded by 116 per cent in November compared to April 2020 level.
  • “All of us in OPEC family know the enormous debt of gratitude we owe President Buhari for the pivotal role he played in the Declaration of Cooperation (DoC) process between OPEC and non- OPEC producing countries; Particularly, his intervention at the highest level to secure decisions of the 10th extraordinary OPEC and non-OPEC meeting in April 2020; citing that these decisions were taken in response to the unprecedented demand slump resulting from Coronavirus pandemic.”

On the global energy mix, the Secretary-General noted:

  • “The petroleum sector will remain the secure base in meeting global energy needs. We expect oil to retain the largest share of the energy mix throughout the forecast period, providing nearly 28% of global requirements in 2045.”

Barkindo concluded by echoing the importance of stimulating investment in the oil sector in the interest of future energy security and sustainable supply.

  • “Our current assessments show that upstream capital expenditure could fall by more than 30% this year, beyond the losses experienced in 2015 and 2016. OPEC’s World Oil Outlook shows that $12 trillion will be needed between now and 2045 in the upstream, midstream and downstream. We are alarmed at the pull back of capital from the industry.”

What this means

  • The 116% increase in Nigerian crude oil export earnings in November implies increased revenue for the government towards fulfilling its mandates.
  • This is also a good time for the increase considering that the price of Crude oil has increased considerably in recent weeks. Presently, WTI Crude oil sells for $45.66 per barrel, while Brent crude sells for $48.98 per barrel; compared with the average price of $39.79 and $41.49 between January and October for WTI Crude oil and Brent Crude oil respectively.
  • Thus, the increase in oil prices would also improve the monthly federal allocations to states.

What you should know

  • OPEC is a permanent intergovernmental organization of 13 oil-exporting developing nations that coordinates and unifies the petroleum policies of its Member Countries.
  • OPEC was founded in Baghdad, Iraq, with the signing of an agreement in September 1960 by five countries namely Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela. They became the founding members of the organization.
  • These countries were later joined by Qatar (1961), Indonesia (1962), Libya (1962), the United Arab Emirates (1967), Algeria (1969), Nigeria (1971), Ecuador (1973), Gabon (1975), Angola (2007), Equatorial Guinea (2017) and Congo (2018).
  • Ecuador withdrew its membership of OPEC effective 1 January 2020. Indonesia suspended its membership in November 2016. Qatar terminated its membership on 1 January 2019.
  • This means that, currently, the Organization has a total of 13 Member Countries.
  • Of the 13 members, Nigeria recorded the 5th highest crude oil production in October according to OPEC’s direct communication data.
  • The OPEC Secretariat is the executive organ of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Located in Vienna, it also functions as the Headquarters of the Organization, in accordance with the provisions of the OPEC statute.
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ENERGY

Oil marketers say petrol will sell for N230 per litre in March

Oil marketers have insisted that petrol will sell for as much as N230 per litre in March.

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Oil marketers, on Sunday, said that Premium Motor Spirit (PMS) otherwise known as petrol is to sell for as much as N230 per litre in March.

This is coming against the background of insistence by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) that it has no plans to increase the price of petrol in March.

There has been a reported reappearance of queues at filling stations in some parts of Lagos and Abuja as panic buying and petrol hoarding occurs in some filling stations.

According to a report by New Telegraph, the National Operations Controller, Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria (IPMAN), Mike Osatuyi, declared that the whole nation had crossed the bridge and that there was no hiding place for a hike in fuel price.

What the IPMAN top officials are saying

Osatuyi said, “I have just returned from a meeting in Abuja. What I have observed is that many stations have closed down and there are queues in many places in both Lagos and Abuja. Nigeria has crossed the bridge, there is no hiding place, the N1.2 trillion, which was hitherto annual spending on subsidy, will be borne by the market.

“As it is, the prices of crude oil have gone up to $67 per barrel and, with this, the price of PMS will be between N220 per litre and N230 per litre. I was told by someone that the Group Managing Director of NNPC told them that the official price is likely to be N206 per litre.

“As it is now, all the stations that have shut down their gates must have heard information before they took that action. I want us all to wait by tomorrow we will all see clearly what will happen. There have been annual spending of N1.2 trillion on fuel subsidy and now that the subsidy has said to be abolished, that money must come from somewhere.

’The money must be coming from somewhere. “NNPC is not an NGO (non-governmental organisation), there is no budgetary provision for subsidy again and instead of wasting it on subsidy, it should be deployed to other sectors,’’ he said.

On what can be done to cushion the negative effects of higher fuel price, Osatuyi said: “This plan to cushion the negative effects of higher fuel price should be the next important thing. The government can do the free conversion of vehicle from fuel to gas. This should be done to help Nigerians who will definitely be affected by this fuel price hike.”

On his part, the IPMAN National Public Relations Officer, Alhaji Suleiman Yakubu, condemned the panic buying and return of long queues at some filling stations within Abuja.

While assuring Nigerians that the normal supply of petroleum products would soon be restored with the commencement of loading at various depots, Yakubu said the increase in the global price of crude oil has affected the price of petrol.

He said, “We want to assure the buyers that government and marketers are doing everything possible to ensure that the products are available in every filling station within a few days starting from today (Sunday).’’

What you should know

  • The state oil giant, NNPC, had in a press statement on Sunday, assured Nigerians that despite the increase in the price of crude oil, it has no plans to increase the ex-depot price of petrol in the month of March. This is coming after it gave a similar assurance earlier in February, that it was not going to increase the price of the product in February.
  • NNPC explained that the decision was to allow ongoing engagements with organized labour and other stakeholders on an acceptable framework that will not expose the ordinary Nigerian to any hardship, to be concluded.
  • This uncertainty has led to hoarding of the product by depot owners and some retail marketers, which has led to the return of queues in some filling stations.
  • The Federal Government had in March 2020, announced the removal of fuel subsidy and full deregulation of the downstream sector of the oil industry, which will allow market forces to determine the price of the product.
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ENERGY

FG to meet with State Governors over electricity, fuel prices

The State Governors and the FG are set to meet in order to discuss the issues of electricity and fuel pricing in the country.

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The  Federal Government has disclosed that it will meet with State Governors and the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) on Thursday to find solutions to issues of fuel and electricity pricing in Nigeria.

This was disclosed by the Minister of Labour, Chris Ngige, in a meeting with newsmen in Abuja after the FG met with organised labour.

The Minister added that the ongoing meetings with organised labour had been peaceful so far and stated that the issue about PMS prices was a work in progress that would also involve the Governors at the NEC meeting.

As for the issue of the price of PMS, it is a work in progress. The governors are to discuss this on Thursday at the National Economic Council and hopefully there will be a way out of the situation,” he said.

Mr Ngige said that organised labour also handled negotiations on the topic of electricity price tariffs and would continue negotiations on the topic.

Meanwhile, the NLC President, Mr Ayuba Wabba, said that Labour was still not in full agreement with the report on PMS pricing.

“This means that we import 100 per cent of all the PMS used in the country, whereas we have refineries” he said.

“The reports were presented and we pointed out areas that we are not comfortable with and also made some suggestions which will form the basis of decisions on the matter,” he added.

What you should know 

Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) last week assured organised labour and Nigerians that there was no plan to increase the price of Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), otherwise known as petrol, in the month of February.

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ENERGY

FCCPC to begin electricity billing enforcement

The Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Commission says it will commence enforcement of the NERC billing cap order.

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The Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (FCCPC) announced that it will launch a billing capping order enforcement of the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) to protect Nigerian consumers.

This was disclosed by Mr Babatunde Irukera, the Executive Vice Chairman of the commission in an interview with NAN on Sunday in Abuja. He disclosed that the scheme was necessitated by multiple customer complaints on billing.

“There are certain industries that require special treatment, one of them is electricity,”he said.

He added that the Commission plans to implement stronger enforcement in 2021 and has commenced talks with the NERC for it.

“Secondly, we want to plan a more strategic approach to intervening in the complaints.

“And so through the year, periodically, we take some of our teams to locations where we have seen that there are a lot of complaints and spend some time there ensuring that DisCos address complaints to make sure that issues that people are dissatisfied with are resolved.

“That is a very important one for that sector this year,” Irukera said.

What you should know 

  • Recall it was reported that the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC) announced that 62.63% of electric customers in Nigeria were under the estimated billing package as at September 2020.
  • The Federal Government also revealed that electricity consumers who paid for meters under the Meter Asset Provider (MAP) scheme, will have a refund of their money.
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