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Filecoin tests pave way for Ethereum fee restructure

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A long anticipated Ethereum Improvement Proposal (EIP) which aims to tackle high network fees is currently being tested on the Filecoin network.

A proposal to change Ethereum’s fee structure has been in the pipeline since first being suggested in April 2019. A surge in network fees in recent months has brought the spotlight back on to EIP 1559, and it is being trialled on the digital storage platform Filecoin.

Ethereum co-founder, Vitalik Buterin, tweeted an update as more information and research is piled into the proposed upgrade.

Filecoin software engineer, Jeromy Johnson, said the EIP code ‘appears to be doing its job’ on an ongoing test on the network. He added that there had been a couple of spikes in “base fee”, which is the new network fee architecture, but there was very little delay in messages making it into the chain.

Filecoin is a decentralized storage platform that is in the testnet phase. It has targeted September for the mainnet launch according to its August progress update. Sharing technology with Ethereum makes it a good testbed for EIP 1559.

On August 22, PegaSys developer Tim Beiko tweeted that two Ethereum clients are currently privately testing the code, Vulcanize’s geth fork and Besu. He added that he would personally like to see EIP 1559 implemented on a network with a large state, such as Ropsten, to see if larger blocks are an issue.

A solution to high gas fees?

The proposal introduces the ‘base fee’ mechanism that dynamically adjusts fees based on the current network congestion levels. Currently, Ethereum network fees are calculated in an auction-type system where users ‘bid’ how much they’re willing to pay to have their transaction picked up by a miner. Naturally, the miners prioritize the higher bids first which leads to congestion and high gas prices under heavy load.

Under the new proposal, if the blockchain is more than 50% utilized then the base fee increases automatically, but if it is under 50% utilized, then it would decrease. Ethereum users would still be able to ‘jump the queue’ by paying a ‘tip’ on top of the base fee. All of the fees in ETH that are paid via the base fee are burnt and only the ‘tip’ is paid to miners.

The maximum difference in base fee from block to block would then be predictable because these increments are constrained. This would then allow wallets and dApps to automatically set the gas fees for users more reliably rather than simply estimate them.

It may be a while before EIP 1559 is rolled out on the Ethereum mainnet however. ETHhub founder Anthony Sassano predicted at least 6-12 months in his Daily Gwei newsletter on August 24.

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U.S central bank has no plans to ban Bitcoin or crypto

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Jerome Powell, the United States’ Federal Reserve Chairman believes regulation of the cryptocurrency market is critical, but the bank has no intention to outrightly ban Bitcoin (BTC) or other digital currencies.

Powell clarified that a China-style ban on digital assets isn’t something he’s considering when he responded to a question from Republican Representative, Ted Budd. Rep. Budd asked about safety regulations for stablecoins and about the central bank’s ongoing discussions about a so-called “digital dollar” in response to Powell’s comments.

Despite being similar to money market funds and to bank deposits, stablecoins are outside the regulatory perimeter, “it is necessary for them to be regulated,” Powell said while adding that “the same rule applies to the same activity.”

Although the Fed has been considering a central bank digital currency for a while, policymakers are still undecided about its implementation. A number of studies have been commissioned by the central bank about the advantages and potential roadblocks of issuing a CBDC.

Powell is the chairman of the Federal Open Market Committee, which is responsible for determining US monetary policy.

The Committee decided earlier this month to leave existing stimulus programs intact while signalling a possible wind-down of the COVID-19-induced bond purchase program. Stocks and crypto assets are among the risk assets that appear to have been impacted by the warning.

Powell had earlier said the Fed wasn’t in a rush to join the trend, despite several central banks launching their own CBDCs.

Managing by getting things right, rather than speed, is the focus for the Fed Chair while noting that the US does not lag behind other OECD countries in CBDC innovation.

Government policymakers are pushing an anti-crypto narrative that features CBDCs at the forefront.

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Ripple launches $250 million fund for NFT creators

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Ripple, the creator of the XRP token, is launching a fund for creators, marketplaces and brands to explore new use cases for non-fungible tokens (NFTs) on its ledger, XRPL.

The announcement stated, “Announced as part of Apex, the XRP Ledger (XRPL) Developer Summit, this fund fosters innovation in tokenization, with a focus on non-fungible tokens (NFTs). The fund will provide targeted support for creators, brands and marketplaces to explore new use cases for NFTs on the XRPL leveraging its innate advantages of speed, cost and sustainability.”

The announcement was made yesterday on the Ripple website where the firm stated that the $250 million fund would be focused on accelerating adoption in the cryptocurrency space by working with NFTs. The platform said it wants to address growing concerns relating to the minting of the tokenized artwork, which includes clunky user experiences, high transaction fees and the possible environmental concerns relating to minting.

What the announcement said

Ripple stated, We believe NFTs embody the promise of tokenization and represent a tipping point for its embrace by the mainstream. Through the Creator Fund and the XRPL, we’re excited to unleash new utility for NFTs and accelerate the broader shift to tokenization.”

According to Ripple, NFT marketplaces, including MintNFT and Mintable and creative agencies, would be among the first to have access to the fund. Any proposed NFT use case would be built on the XRP Ledger, giving creators an opportunity to monetize their work.

It stated, “As part of today’s announcement, we are teaming up with NFT marketplaces and creative agencies that will have early access to the fund to unlock new tokenization use cases. NFT marketplaces mintNFT and Mintable will integrate with the XRPL to deliver a seamless NFT experience for developers. Our premiere agency partner, VSA Partners, has also signed on to the initiative to help their creator and brand clients create and sell their NFTs.”

Ripple CTO David Schwartz has previously cited the ledger’s low cost, high speed and payments features to “streamline NFT creation at scale.”

In July, Mintable announced it was planning to integrate the XRP Ledger as it was “ideally suited to deliver a seamless experience for NFTs.” The platform has minted more than 700,000 items since 2020. Both Ripple and the NFT marketplace have made public statements on the environmental concerns in the crypto space. While Ripple has pledged to become carbon net-zero by 2030, the company has also said that its XRP ledger is already carbon neutral.

 

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Tether scores win in class action lawsuit

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The judge in the class-action lawsuit filed against Tether, the issuer of the most capitalized stablecoin USDT and crypto exchange Bitfinex, has granted motions to dismiss many of the claims in the case.

Court documents filed on Tuesday in the Southern District of New York reveals that District Judge Katherine Polk Failla has granted motions from Tether’s and Bitfinex’s parent company iFinex to dismiss key claims in the plaintiffs’ case that the two firms manipulated the cryptocurrency market. Altogether, Judge Failla granted motions to dismiss five complete claims and part of one, while denying six others.

The judge stated that she would not allow investors to bring claims against Tether and Bitfinex under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), nor allegations related to racketeering or using the proceeds of racketeering for investments. She also stated that Tether and Bifinex investors could not “inadequately allege” the companies’ monopoly power in the stablecoin market.

Backstory

The initial complaint against iFinex was in October 2019 where the plaintiffs alleged that the firm manipulated the cryptocurrency market by issuing ‘unbacked’ USDT, “in an effort to signal to the market that there was enormous, organic demand for cryptocommodities.” The plaintiffs also alleged that the firm wanted to inflate the price of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin (BTC), “thereby creating and sustaining a ‘bubble’ in the cryptocommodity market.”

While Bitfinex and Tether had settled the case with the Office of the New York Attorney General in February over mismanagement of USDT reserve funds, the civil action with a group of aggrieved cryptocurrency investors continues. In the former case, Bitfinex and Tether agreed to pay $18.5 million for damages to New York and submit to periodic reporting of their reserves in addition to stopping service to customers in the state.

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