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Access, Zenith, Stanbic, First Bank others pay N2.45bn fines for FX infractions



Nigerian banks who have been touting their abilities to superintend over the retail end of the Foreign Exchange (FX) market since the ban put in place by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on FX sales to Bureaux De Changes (BDCs), may have to explain why they paid billions of naira as fines last year to the CBN for contravening several banking rules and regulations related to foreign exchange.

The financial statements of ten banks analysed by our source  show they paid a cumulative sum of N2.45 billion as fines to the CBN for various FX related infractions.

The banks are Zenith Bank, Access Bank, GTBank, FBN Holdings, United Bank for Africa (UBA), Fidelity Bank, Union Bank, Stanbic IBTC, Sterling Bank and FCMB.

Topping the list of penalties paid for FX infractions in 2020 was UBA which paid N623 million to the CBN in respect of operation of customers’ domiciliary accounts, this was followed by Access Bank which paid N451 Million in fines in respect of sourcing for FX from the Nigerian FX market for the importation of Textile and contravention of CBN FOREX manual and TED ACT, among other violations, Fidelity Bank which paid N444.4 million penalty for FX Infraction in textile importation as directed by CBN and other FX related penalties and Guaranty Trust Bank (GTBank), which paid N267 million for customer’s use of FX sourced from official market for textile importation and CBN Spot check examination on domiciliary account balances of customers.

Others are Stanbic IBTC which paid N259.2 million in fines in respect of an alleged contravention of the provision of memorandum 25(5)(b) of the CBN’s FX Manual in processing FX transfers and foreign exchange rules on import of textiles, FBN Holdings which paid N218.4 million for involvement in Textile-importation using FX sourced from Nigerian Market as well as contravention of Memorandum 25(b) of the FOREX manual and FCMB which paid N143.2 million for involvement in the importation of textile using FX sourced from the Nigerian FX Market and other domiciliary account related fines.

Finishing off the list was Sterling Bank which was fined N30 million for non-processing of e-Form M for importation of goods, Zenith Bank which paid a penalty to CBN of N11.4 million relating to customer domiciliary account operations, and Union Bank which paid a penalty of N10 million for involvement in importation of textile using forex from the Nigerian forex market.

Analysts say that while the banks may have some good intentions in believing they can fill the roles of the 5,689 BDCs registered in Nigeria as at June 30, 2021, it’s more likely the banks will be overwhelmed leading to more fraud and infractions perpetrated by their staff.

“The bank CEOs know it won’t work but they no longer argue with the CBN Governor,” an investment banking source speaking on condition of anonymity told our source.

“They just want to show some movement.”

The Body of Bank Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) released a statement last week projecting that Naira exchange rate to the dollar is expected to recover to at least N423, after its spike to above N500 per dollar, following the Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN’s) recent directive to stop forex sales to Bureau De Change (BDCs).

The naira was quoted at N525 per dollar in the parallel market in weekend trading, MoneyCentral’s survey shows.

The Chairman, the Body of Bank CEOs, Herbert Wigwe, at an online press conference, stated that the banking industry is ready to begin the sale of foreign exchange to customers, maintaining that banks have broader sources than BDCs to meet customers’ forex needs.

“The banking industry is fully ready and able to carry out this function and as you know that banks have very strict compliance measures in terms of Know Your Customers (KYC) and in terms of verification in making sure that those who apply are eligible. We are going to provide these services and ensure that our branches across the country meet these requirements,” Wigwe assured.

However, Obadiah Mailafia, former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), said that commercial banks in the country cannot be trusted with forex sales, adding that they will “corner” the dollars and only release whatever that is left after satisfying their interest.

Mailafia was reacting on Wednesday to the recent decision by the CBN to stop the sale of foreign exchange to Bureau de Change (BDC) operators.

The former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria featured on The Roundtable, an online interview programme.

“How can you totally trust these commercial banks because most of them will want to corner the dollar for themselves and whatever is left, then they can now share with the market at a rate they want?” Mailafia said.

“If we are not careful, that decision will actually worsen the naira value because the BDCs, you could walk into any of them anywhere and within five minutes, they will attend to you but the banks, you have to drive to your nearest bank, you have to queue most of the time.

“The CBN has not told us the rate, the banks will want to make a profit over the official rate, we don’t know whether they will make a decent profit or they will profiteer. Bankers were the biggest experts in round-tripping. Old habits, I don’t think they change. Leopards are very unlikely to change their spots.”

Other analysts seem to concur with Mailafia.

Bismarck Rewane an economist and CEO of economics consulting firm Financial Derivatives Company (FDC), said:

““The interim solution of substituting BDCs with banks is hardly going to achieve much. You are virtually handing over the yam barns to goats to secure. In the end, there will be no yams nor goats.”

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Building learning culture is difficult when the environment is not conducive – Nestle Nigeria



Building a learning culture in early childhood is difficult when the environment is not conducive.

This was stated by Nestle Nigeria through its Corporate Communications and Public Affairs Manager, Mrs. Victoria Uwadoka, on Saturday while commissioning a fully equipped block of 3 classrooms renovated in Salvation Army Primary School 1, Agbara, Ogun state.

According to her, the pupils will now enjoy a more conducive environment with the commissioning of the block, as this is part of a project comprising 2 blocks of 5 classrooms and a crèche.

She said, “Building a learning culture in early childhood is difficult when the environment is not conducive. This is why we are committed to improving facilities in the schools closest to our operations. Strong in the belief that access to quality education increases opportunities for a better quality of life, Nestlé Nigeria has invested in enhancing infrastructure in public schools, reaching over 4,000 children in Ogun State and Abaji in the FCT in the past 3 years alone.

“The company achieves its objective of building thriving communities in collaboration with the State Universal Basic Education Boards to support government’s efforts to reposition the education sector for improved performance.”

This fact was appreciated by the Executive Secretary of the Ogun State Universal Basic Education Board, Mr. Olalekan Kuye who said, “I specially commend Nestlé Nigeria PLC for this laudable intervention which complements our collective drive to further improve the state of our learning environment. These projects are also unique and in accordance with recommended standards.

“I charge the school, management committee and community development association and our esteemed learners to judiciously utilize and ensure that the buildings are well secured and preserved for continuous use.”

In his comments at the project handover ceremony, the Alagbara of Agbara, HRM Oba Lukman Jayeola Agunbiade said, “I am delighted that the commissioning of the classroom blocks renovated by Nestlé Nigeria is taking place during the celebration of my 5th year in office as the Alagbara of the illustrious Agbara community.

“I sincerely appreciate Nestlé for remaining a responsible member of this community, and for investing in improving teaching and learning facilities in Salvation Army Primary School among others. I am therefore pleased to receive this project on behalf of my people.”

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Tesla expected to build 300,000 vehicles in the first 9 months of 2021



Tesla, an electric vehicle manufacturer based in California, is anticipated to manufacture 300,000 cars in the first nine months of 2021, according to Reuters.

Despite a global semiconductor scarcity, the vehicles will be manufactured at Tesla’s Shanghai facility.

Model 3 sedans and Model Y sport-utility vehicles are produced at the Shanghai facility for both local and foreign markets, including Germany and Japan.

China is Tesla’s second-largest market after the United States, accounting for about 30% of worldwide sales and contributing to the automaker’s record first-quarter car deliveries.

According to figures from the China Passenger Car Association, over 240,000 cars were transported from the facility in the first eight months, with many of them destined for export.

Tesla’s plant is projected to produce 450,000 vehicles this year, including 66,100 for export, according to the report.

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Twitter now lets you add topics to Spaces



Twitter is adding another feature, “Topics” to Spaces. Topics will allow hosts to add tags to their Spaces to help users find their audio rooms easily. You can add up to three relevant topics so that like-minded individuals can find you.

The functionality is currently restricted. It’s only available to Android users, and there are only ten Topics in total that users can pick from. The Topics are only available in English. Twitter, on the other hand, claimed that iOS support is on the way and that the number of accessible Topics will expand “as we create together.”

Business and Finance, Music, Sports, Technology, Gaming, World News, Entertainment, Arts and Culture, Home and Family, and Careers are among the first ten Topics available on Twitter, which individuals may select to follow to get relevant content on their timelines.


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